The Sykes Picot Agreement Divided Parts Of The Middle East Based On

It was agreed that at no time will the French government enter into negotiations on the transfer of its rights and will not cede these rights to a third power in the blue domain, with the exception of the Arab State or the Confederation of Arab States, without the prior approval of Her Majesty`s Government, which itself will give the French government a similar commitment with regard to the red zone. You say that the agreement will collapse. What about, for example, Syria and Iraq? The memorandum was forwarded to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and circulated for notice. On 16 January, Sykes informed the Ministry of Foreign Affairs that he had spoken to Picot and that he thought Paris could agree. On 21 January, Nicolson convened an inter-departmental conference. At the end of the meeting, a final draft agreement was circulated to cabinet on 2 February, the War Commission was referred on 3 February and finally, at a fourth-day meeting between Bonar Law, Chamberlain, Lord Kitchener and others, it was decided that the agreement had been conceived and negotiated by the country`s diplomats over the coming months and signed by the Allies between 18 August and 26 September 1917. [38] Russia was not represented in this agreement because the Tsarist regime was in the midst of a revolution. The lack of Russian approval of the Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne agreement was then used by the British at the 1919 Paris Peace Conference to invalidate it, a position that greatly outraged the Italian government. [41] After the outbreak of war in the summer of 1914, the Allies – Britain, France and Russia – had much discussion about the future of the Ottoman Empire, which is now fighting on the side of Germany and the central powers, and its vast area in the Middle East, South and South America. In March 1915, Britain signed a secret agreement with Russia, whose plans for the territory of the Empire had prompted the Turks to join Germany and Austria-Hungary in 1914. Under its terms, Russia would annex the Ottoman capital, Constantinople, and retain control of the Dardanelles (the extremely important strait that connects the Black Sea to the Mediterranean) and the Gallipoli Peninsula, the target of a major Allied military invasion, which began in April 1915.